What is Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW)?
Low-level radioactive wastes (LLRW) are common industrial and research by-products that have been exposed to radioactivity through industrial or research processes. These wastes range from clothing and cleaning materials to construction items, tools and other metal objects. LLRW comes from nuclear power plants and the use and manufacture of radioactive medical products, smoke alarms, emergency signs and other consumer goods. Hospitals and universities also produce LLRW through diagnostic testing and medical treatments. The radioactivity level of different wastes varies widely, from levels slightly above natural background radiation to higher levels that require special handling to prevent harm to public health and the environment. All LLRW can be managed and disposed safely and responsibly.